There are two spelling versions of Peoplese (click on above Spelling tab for further details):
1. Alike English: Peoplese words are spelled like English words.
Upon reading this Jumpstart page, you will be able to read the Alike English version of Peoplese.
2. Sound Spell Same. If you hear a word, you know how to spell it; if you read a word, you know how to pronounce it.
(Click on the above orange Spelling tab, and then on SSS for more details.)
Peoplese is based on root words, to which can be added about 50 prefixes and 65 suffixes with fixed meanings.
The prefixes and suffixes are separated from the root word by a hyphenette (a half-length hyphen).
All Peoplese prefixes and suffixes are intuitive to English speakers except the following:
dis۔ Indicates the un-doing of a previous action. Ex: dis۔connect (something that was previously connected)
non۔ Indicates a neural. Ex: non۔connected (indicates something that probably was never connected or not yet connected)۔
un۔ Indicates the root word's opposite meaning. Ex: "un۔civilized" means "barbaric".
۔by Converts root word to a modifier of an adjective. Ex: pale۔by blue shirt, vast۔by different view, utter-by fantastic show.
۔d Converts the root verb to past tense. Ex: English "told" is Peoplese "tell۔d"; English "; "explained" becomes "explain۔d".
۔in Converts a root verb to a gerund. Ex: build۔in, act۔in, carve۔in, end۔in, list۔in, mean۔in, morn۔in, rule۔in.
۔ly Converts the root word to an adverb. Ex: English "morally" is Peoplese "moral۔ly
In Peoplese, all adverbs modify verbs. So a word ending with ۔ly modifies a verb.
۔or,۔۔orm,۔ort Indicates a function. Ex: English "digger" is Peoplese "dig۔or", one who digs.
۔or suffix is neutral; it could be a thing ("dry۔or") or a person whose gender is not specificed ("farm۔or").
۔orm suffix indicates a female; e.g. "farm۔orm" is a woman who farms. ۔ort is the male equivalent, i.e. "farm۔ort".
English "diver" could be a machine or a person of unspecified gender (dive۔or), or a male (dive۔ort) or female ("dive۔orm").
Ex: Chen Jianguo is a book edit۔ort in China. (So you know he is a male.)
۔t Indicates that the verb is passive mode. Ex: The movie will be enjoy۔t by the children.
۔y Converts the root word to an adjective. Ex: English "starry" is Peoplese "star۔y"; English "speedy", Peoplese "speed۔y".
In Peoplese, all adjectives (called "adnouns") modify nouns. So a word ending with -y modifies a noun.
For a complete list of prefixes and suffixes, click on the links atop the Grammar page (orange tab above).
Mid-dot words are composed of two words (separated by a high dot) whose combined meaning is immediately comprehensible
if you know the meaning of both words.
You may never have heard the word "wrist·clock", but you know it means English "watch".
If you speak English, there are only a handful of Peoplese words that you won't intuitively comprehend, mainly:
ap approximate. Ex: The population of the town is ap 50.000. (Without "ap" the statement is almost certainly false.)
dur duration. Ex: on Friday → dur Friday; in 2017 → dur 2017, in the morning → dur morning, at night → dur night
iz is, am, are Ex: I iz happy. He iz happy. They iz happy. Therefore all iz happy.
ta he or she. (From the Chinese Mandarin genderless single pronoun, tā.) Ex: If anybody call, tell ta I iz not home.
wuz was, were Ex: He wuz here, and so wuz they.
Other Peoplese features are guess۔able for English speakers.